House Intelligence panel proposes its own rewrite of surveillance powers
For the second time in as many weeks, a group of U.S. lawmakers on Thursday unveiled legislation to renew a powerful spy tool before a critical, year-end deadline.
The Republican-led House Intelligence Committee rolled out a primer on the more than 40 reforms that will be proposed in a forthcoming bipartisan measure to reauthorize Section 702 of the Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act.
The program, which expires at the end of the year, allows U.S. intelligence agencies to conduct warrantless surveillance of the electronic communications of foreigners outside the country, but also incidentally vacuums up the personal data of an unknown number of Americans.
“We believe that, before the end of the year, we will have a significant package of reforms that will be unprecedented and, at the same time, we will have the renewal of 702,” panel chairman Mike Turner (R-OH) told reporters today during a Capitol Hill roundtable discussion.
Last week a coalition of House and Senate lawmakers unveiled legislation that would place new limits on Section 702, including a mandate that the FBI obtain a warrant before searching the National Security Agency’s data trove for information related to Americans — something the White House has previously called a “red line” — as well as increased oversight of other U.S. surveillance efforts.
The outlined House bill comes months after the Intelligence panel created a working group assigned with crafting legislation that could garner bipartisan support on the floor following years of controversies, including thousands of improper searches by the FBI.
The group was expanded to include three GOP members of the House Judiciary Committee, which shares oversight of the authority. The move was made, in part, to earn the backing of its chairman, Jim Jordan (R-OH), who has maligned FISA for years.
That gambit appears to have failed.
“Chairman Jordan has indicated that he intends to do his own bill,” Turner told reporters.
That means there will likely be at least three competing measures in the House alone to reauthorize the digital spying tools in a short, five-week window.
Turner said he has spoken to Speaker Mike Johnson (R-LA) and his Senate Intelligence Committee counterpart, Mark Warner (D-VA), about the upcoming bill and voiced confidence that policymakers will renew Section 702 before the end of the year without a short-term extension.
“I think we're going to get it done. I'm not working on an extension. I'm working on a bill.”
Differences on warrants
Unlike last week’s bill, the forthcoming legislation would require the FBI to obtain a warrant only for a category of searches for Americans' information swept up by the NSA under 702 that might yield “evidence of a crime.”
FBI analysts are currently free to conduct such queries of the massive database but are not allowed to view the returned data without court approval, something the agency historically hasn’t done, according to Turner.
The Ohio Republican admitted he wasn’t sure the mandate would survive but “we put it in as a statement to the FBI that you have not been complying, and therefore we're imposing upon you.”
A stringent warrant requirement, like the one in the measure backed by privacy advocates, would be a “death blow” to the FBI’s national security efforts, FBI Director Christopher Wray told the House Homeland Security Committee yesterday.
“A warrant requirement would amount to a de facto ban,” he said.
Turner’s bill would require the Justice Department to conduct “independent audits” of all FBI queries for Americans' information within six months. It would also create stiff criminal penalties for personnel who intentionally leak information that identifies a U.S. person, ranging from a fine to imprisonment of up to eight years or both.
The Intelligence bill does not feature proposals to create restrictions and more oversight of Executive Order 12333, a Reagan-era directive that set guardrails for some kinds of U.S. intelligence gathering, or address loopholes for data brokers that allow them to sell consumer data to law enforcement and federal agencies.
Turner credited the Biden administration for allowing lawmakers to look at the Watergate-era FISA statute beyond 702 but “our effort is to try to narrow that conversation.”
Turner said the panel issued the report because “there's a lot of incorrect information out there and we're trying to get this in the hands of members of Congress and their staff.”
He declined to provide a timeline for when his panel might mark up the legislation or comment on whether it would even be brought to the House floor.
Turner also repeatedly declined to comment on whether lawmakers would seek to hitch a 702 renewal measure to the annual national defense authorization bill, one of the few legislative vehicles available to members before the end of 2023.
“I believe that we are going to come to a consensus on a package of reforms that are meaningful and the reauthorization of FISA that will be passed both in the Senate and in the House,” he told reporters.
“Obviously, we're pursuing multiple paths and we have to because this is a very dynamic situation, but to the extent that the House could shut down abruptly and the Senate has very little bandwidth,” he added, noting he was meeting with Johnson again today. “We're pursuing numerous options, as you would expect. And I think that we will be successful.”
is the senior cybersecurity reporter for The Record. Prior to joining Recorded Future News in 2021, he spent more than five years at Politico, where he covered digital and national security developments across Capitol Hill, the Pentagon and the U.S. intelligence community. He previously was a reporter at The Hill, National Journal Group and Inside Washington Publishers.